All about section 8 company registration

Starting a non-profit organization in India can be a fulfilling endeavor, especially if you aim to promote charitable, social, or educational objectives. One of the best legal structures for such initiatives is a Section 8 Company. This article will guide you through the process of registering a Section 8 Company in India, using simple language to make it easy to understand.

What is a Section 8 Company?

Before diving into the registration process, it’s important to understand what a Section 8 Company is. A Section 8 Company is a type of non-profit organization in India, regulated by the Companies Act, 2013. It is established with the objective of promoting commerce, art, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, or any other useful objective. The profits earned by a Section 8 Company are used to promote its objectives and cannot be distributed as dividends to its members.

Benefits of Registering a Section 8 Company

Registering a Section 8 Company comes with numerous advantages, which make it an attractive option for non-profit initiatives.

  1. Legal Recognition: Provides a formal structure and recognition to your non-profit activities.
  2. Tax Benefits: Eligible for various tax exemptions under the Income Tax Act.
  3. Credibility: Enhances credibility and trust among donors, beneficiaries, and the public.
  4. Limited Liability: Members have limited liability, protecting their personal assets.
  5. Separate Legal Entity: The company is a separate legal entity from its members, ensuring continuity despite changes in membership.

Documents Required

Gathering the necessary documents is a crucial step in the section 8 company registration process. These documents help verify the identities of the directors and members, as well as the company’s objectives and registered office address.

  1. Identity Proof: PAN card, Aadhar card, or passport of all directors and members.
  2. Address Proof: Recent utility bill or bank statement of all directors and members.
  3. Registered Office Proof: Rent agreement and utility bill of the office address.
  4. Director Identification Number (DIN): Required for all directors.
  5. Digital Signature Certificate (DSC): Required for filing electronic documents.
  6. Income and Expenditure Statement: Statement of estimated income and expenditure for the next three years.
  7. Objective of the Company: Detailed description of the company’s objectives.

Registration Process

Now that you have an understanding of what a Section 8 Company is and the benefits it offers, let’s go through the registration process step-by-step.

  1. Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)
    • Apply for DSC for all directors.
    • This is necessary for online document filing.
  2. Apply for Director Identification Number (DIN)
    • Fill out the DIN application form for all directors.
    • Submit it along with identity and address proof.
  3. Reserve Your Company Name
    • Use the MCA (Ministry of Corporate Affairs) portal to check the availability of your desired company name.
    • Apply for name reservation using the RUN (Reserve Unique Name) form.
    • You can propose two names and wait for approval.
  4. Prepare and File Incorporation Documents
    • Draft the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) outlining the company’s objectives.
    • File these documents along with the SPICe+ form on the MCA portal.
    • Attach the required documents and pay the registration fees.
  5. Obtain License under Section 8
    • File Form INC-12 to obtain a license for operating as a Section 8 Company.
    • Attach the MOA, AOA, and other required documents.
    • The Registrar of Companies (ROC) will scrutinize the application and, upon satisfaction, issue a license.
  6. Incorporation Certificate
    • Once your documents are verified and approved, the Registrar of Companies (ROC) will issue a Certificate of Incorporation.
    • This certificate includes your Company Identification Number (CIN) and confirms your registration as a Section 8 Company.
  7. Apply for PAN and TAN
    • After incorporation, apply for the company’s Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN).


Understanding the costs involved in registering a Section 8 Company is important for financial planning. The cost varies based on factors like authorized capital and professional fees. Generally, it includes:

  1. Government Fees: Varies based on authorized capital.
  2. Professional Fees: For legal and CA services (varies by service provider).
  3. Stamp Duty: Based on the state of registration.

Comparison with Other Non-Profit Structures

Choosing the right structure for your non-profit organization can have a significant impact on its operations and success. Here’s a comparison of a Section 8 Company with other common non-profit structures:

FeatureSection 8 CompanyTrustSociety
Legal StatusSeparate Legal EntityNot SeparateNot Separate
Limited LiabilityYesNoNo
Tax BenefitsHighMediumMedium
GovernanceBoard of DirectorsTrusteesGoverning Body
Registration AuthorityROCState Trust RegistrarRegistrar of Societies

Also raed : Society Registration


Registering a Section 8 Company in India provides numerous benefits, including legal recognition, tax exemptions, and enhanced credibility. While the process might seem complex, following the steps outlined in this article can help you navigate the registration smoothly. Once registered, your company will be well-positioned to pursue its charitable objectives and make a positive impact.

For expert assistance with the registration process and ongoing compliance, consider partnering with professionals who specialize in non-profit organization services. This will ensure that you meet all legal requirements and can focus on achieving your non-profit goals.

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